Inne publikacje w grupie tematycznej "Geografia religii"
Inne wydawnictwa z 2009 roku
Jackowski A., Bilska-Wodecka E., Sołjan I. (red.), 2009 , Peregrinus Cracoviensis, z. 20.
Recenzje: prof. dr hab. Eugeniusz Rydz
Język publikacji: polski
Cena: 22.05 PLN (w tym 8% VAT).
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Moje spotkania z Ojcem Świętym Janem Pawłem II
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Antoni Jackowski, Izabela Sołjan, Franciszek Mróz
Geografia pielgrzymek Jana Pawła II
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Uwagi o społecznym znaczeniu pielgrzymek Jana Pawła II do Polski
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Zachariasz S. Jabłoński OSPPE
Kontekst społeczno-polityczny pierwszej pielgrzymki Jana Pawła II na Jasną Górę
Social and political context of the first pilgrimage of John Paul II to Jasna Góra
Summary: The Polish government at the time made a variety of efforts to minimize the influence exerted by the Catholic Church on Polish society, which for the most part, did not approve of the government's goal of creating an atheist state. The government attempted to limit the reach of the Church and even attempted to use the Church for its own purposes. The Shrine of Jasna Góra, a national sanctuary and center of Marian worship, was subject to such attempts and limitations. The Shrine was governed at the time by Cardinal August Hlond and Primate Stefan Wyszyński who made the Shrine into a national center of pastoral leadership. The Polish government made a number of attempts to chip away at the national status of the Marian shrine of Jasna Góra.
The Pauline Fathers who ran the Shrine were intimidated in a variety of ways and even threatened with prison. Intimidation methods included surveillance of everyday activities and interrogations by the police and National Security Agency. Such psychological methods were applied with different degrees of intensity and in irregular time intervals. This type of approach became particularly common following so-called "October 1956" when a number of freedoms became restricted by the government. This was a time of preparation for the celebration of Poland's millennium of Christianity. The government's anti-Church attitude was manifested in its refusal to permit Pope Paul VI to visit the Shrine of Jasna Góra in 1966 - the year of Poland's Christian millennium. The government also decided to "imprison" the Painting of the Lady of Jasna Góra at the Shrine of Jasna Góra and not permit it to pay a visit to all parishes across Poland (1966-1972).
One sign of the government's attitude towards the Shrine of Jasna Góra was its attempt to laicize the population of Częstochowa, which was supposed to weaken the prestige of the Shrine in the eyes of pilgrims and tourists. The Communist party decided to proceed with a research study of the religious habits of the residents of Częstochowa in 1975. A team of sociologists produced a top secret report on religious life in Częstochowa and on a number of activities being pursued at the Shrine of Jasna Góra.
It is difficult to determine what role the Pope's first pilgrimage to Jasna Góra played in religious and social change in Poland. Undoubtedly, it was an element of the liberation of Polish society from fear, as up to this point, a gathering of a few dozen people along a pilgrimage route was considered a crime - an illegal assembly. Despite some difficulties, a few million pilgrims managed to stop by Jasna Góra over the course of three days, united in prayer with John Paul II.
The government decided to respond implicitly to the gathering of 3.5 million pilgrims who, despite a number of difficulties, came to see the Holy Father, with a surprising decision on June 29th, 1979 to build a monitored pedestrian tunnel from NMP Avenue, a major artery leading towards Jasna Góra, underneath a planned four-lane road to be built along the eastern fringes of the Jasna Góra Shrine. The project was senseless from an urban design, ecological, social, and religious point of view. A major road located so close to the compound grounds would threaten the priceless architecture of the Jasna Góra Fortress and Shrine, the only national historic site in Częstochowa. The Shrine compound could not withstand the nonstop tremors associated with heavy traffic for very long without suffering physical damage.
The battle to maintain unobstructed access to Jasna Góra was fought on a number of levels. The Pauline Fathers as well as pilgrims continuously prayed at the Shrine. The Primate of Poland, Cardinal S. Wyszyński, wrote to Communist Party Secretary Edward Gierek on March 18th, 1980 that "this matter of great social importance has attracted international attention that is not good for Poland" and that he should direct local authorities to abandon their decision. However, it was not until John Paul II himself intervened in the matter that the government decided to abandon the project on April 12, 1980.
The social and political changes that took place in Poland, and Europe as a whole, following John Paul II's first pilgrimage to Poland, especially the formation of the Solidarity Movement, opened the doors to other pilgrimages by the Holy Father. He went on to visit the Shrine of Jasna Góra five more times in order to renew his message of Marian charisma. While all pilgrimages are important, the most important ones were the 600th Anniversary of Jasna Góra Pilgrimage in 1983 and the Sixth International World Youth Day Pilgrimage in 1991, a year after the fall of the totalitarian Communist system. The Marian teaching legacy of John Paul II associated with the Queen of Jasna Góra and the Mother of the Church awaits a new chapter in response to the issues of the modern era with Benedict the 16th, also a Jasna Góra pilgrim in 2006, at the helm of the Church.
Peregrinus Cracoviensis, 2009, z. 20, s. 65-88.
Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej UJ
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ks. Jan Górecki
Pielgrzymka Jana Pawła II do Pani Piekarskiej
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ks. Maciej Ostrowski
Pielgrzymki Jana Pawła II do Krakowa
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Historia ołtarza papieskiego w Nowym Targu
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