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Les Transformations du Milieu Montagnard-Carpates, Massif Central et Autres Montagnes d'Europe

Les Transformations du Milieu Montagnard-Carpates, Massif Central et Autres Montagnes d'Europe

Krzemieñ K. (red.), 2004, Les Transformations du Milieu Montagnard-Carpates, Massif Central et Autres Montagnes d'Europe, Prace Geograficzne, z. 113.

ISSN 1644-3586

Jêzyk publikacji: francuski

Cena: 18.90 PLN (w tym 8% VAT).

Publikacja jest do nabycia w Instytucie Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej UJ. Istnieje równie¿ mo¿liwo¶æ z³o¿enia zamówienia przez internet. Przy zamówieniach on line do ceny ksi±¿ki doliczany jest koszt wysy³ki (Poczta Polska).

Spis tre¶ci

Kazimierz Krzemieñ 

 s. 9-10

Avant-propos

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Kazimierz Krzemieñ, Krzysztof Sobiecki 

 s. 11-25

Le rôle des processus morphogéniques contemporains dans le modelage de massif volcanique des Monts Dore (Massif central)

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Kazimierz Krzemieñ, Wojciech Che³micki, Mariusz Klimek 

 s. 27-39

Le cs-137 comme traceur d'évaluation de l'activité des processus de remodelage des versants dans le massif des Monts Dore (Massif central, France)

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Kazimierz Krzemieñ 

 s. 41-51

Les transformations contemporaines du lit de la rivière Couze Pavin en Auvergne

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Stefan Skiba, Marek Drewnik, Rafa³ Szmuc, Ryszard Mazurek 

 s. 53-60

Les conditions pedogenetiques d'humiferation des sols dans les regions montagneuses. Le cas des Carpates (Pologne) et du Massif central (France)

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Ryszard Prêdki 

 s. 61-72

Le suivi de la dégradation des sols dans la zone des itinéraires touristiques: l'exemple du Parc National des Bieszczady

Monitoring of the soil cover destructions within the footpaths of the Bieszczady National Park

Summary: According to the Protection Plan in the Bieszczady National Park has been realised program of monitoring natural environment damage along the footpaths since 1995. The following categories of degradation were determined: I - unchanged track, II - barely -changed track, III - menaced track, IV - devastated track, V - strongly devastated track (Tab. 1). The main criterion adopted for the categories determination was the width of trail (0,5 m in width - for category I, 0,5-1 m - for category II, 1,0-3,0 m - for category III, 3,0-5,0 - for category IV and above 5,0 m for category V). It was noticed that total length of footpaths sections which were determined to III-V categories considerably increased in 1995-2000 (Fig. 2). The valorisation of tourist trails in the area of Tarnica and Halicz mountain group (the highest in of the Park) according to the five degrees of environment damage in 2001 is presented in Fig. 3-4. Strongly degraded (IV or V categories) there were about 40% of the trails in those area. The totally trampled areas cover as much as 350 m2 in the summit area of the Tarnica top, 260 m2 on the pass between Mt. Tarnica and Szeroki Wierch, 200 m2 - on the Halicz and Smerek tops (Tab. 2).
Detailed soil research was carried on the foot trail Wo³osate-Tarnica-Halicz (Fig. 1). Three soil profiles (2, 4 and 6) were located directly on the trail other. Other three (1, 3 and 5) were placed in the closest vicinity of the trails. They represented natural and unchanged soil cover. Plots no 7 and 9 were installed in areas where some technical conservation of the trails was done. They represented regenerated soils (excluded from the tourist impact).
The physical properties of the researched soils are presented in Table 3. The properties of soils from the tracks were worsened because of tourist impact. There was noticed lesser porosity (n) and air permeability (Pp) in comparison to natural soils. The texture of soil mineral particles in the degraded, natural and regenerated soils is presented in Fig. 5 (microscope photos). It was observed that the water infiltration in congested surface layers of the trampled soils from the trails is very limited (Fig. 6). A lack of porous organic and humus horizons in degraded soils decrease their retention. Water permeability was even several times higher in unchanged soils. The hand penetrometer was used for the measurement of soil cohesion. The penetration resistance (kg*cm-2) of the penetrometer is presented in Fig. 7. The texture of the surface horizons of degraded soils had from 0,6 to 2 bigger the degree of compaction.
On the trails where the tourist movement was excluded the soil cover regeneration in possible. It was shown in the research of their physical properties (porosity, bulk density, cohesion, permeability).
There is a need of permanent monitoring of the destruction occurring within the footpaths or in places where some conservative actions are undertaken. The consequences of excessive ground trampling along the marked foot trails seem to be the main problem of the Bieszczady Natural Park protection.

Prace Geograficzne, 2004, z. 113, s. 61-72.

Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej UJ

ISSN 1644-3586

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Vladimír Èech 

 s. 73-84

L'évaluation géoécologique de la Resérve Naturelle Nationale de Èervene Skaly dans les Montagnes de Galmus

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Anita Bokwa 

 s. 85-96

Le climat et les resources climatiques des Carpates

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Adriana Zlacká 

 s. 97-106

Les transformations de la structure du paysage naturel évaluation à partir d'une zone d'étude Carpatique

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Danuta Ptaszycka-Jackowska 

 s. 107-120

Les problèmes transfrontaliers polono-slovaques. Plusieurs enjeux à prendre en compte

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Daniel Ricard, Eric Bordessoule, Pierre Couturier 

 s. 121-133

Le Beskid ¦l±ski: une montagne touristique

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Miros³aw Mika 

 s. 135-144

Les transformations de l'aménagement du territoire dans le Beskide de Silésie depuis 1989

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Zygmunt Górka 

 s. 145-151

Les villes des Carpates Polonaises à l'époque de la transition socio-économique de la Pologne

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Franck Chignier-Riboulon, Nora Semmoud 

 s. 153-170

Politique urbaine et marginalité des villes auvergnates

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Laurent Rieutort 

 s. 171-183

Les populations des montagnes du monde: répartition et systèmes de peuplement

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Maria Soja 

 s. 185-192

La situation démographique des Carpates au tournant des XXe et XXIe siècles

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Izabela So³jan 

 s. 193-205

Les sanctuaires de la Vierge Marie et les pèlerinages dans les Carpates Polonaises

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Tatiana Mintalova 

 s. 207-218

Tradition et mutations contemporaines de l'élevage ovin en Slovaquie

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Daniel Ricard 

 s. 219-228

Les monts métallifères slovaques

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Katarzyna Rotter 

 s. 229-239

Le développement du parc hôtelier à Cracovie dans les années 1990-2000

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Hélène Mainet-Valleix 

 s. 241-250

Les espaces domestiques, lieux privilégiés de la territorialisation urbaine? Des townships de Durban aux quartiers ouvriers de Clermont-Ferrand

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Katarzyna Rotter, Daniel Ricard 

 s. 251-253

La coopération dans le domaine de la géographie entre l'Université Blaise Pascal et l'Université Jagellonne pendant la période 1997-2002

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Katarzyna Rotter, Daniel Ricard 

 s. 255-257

The cooperation between University Blaise-Pascal and the Jagiellonian University of Cracow in geography, 1997-2002

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